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【学术报告预告】刘美君教授:动词与构式的互动:从放置动词说起

作者:科研处  来源:今日语言学  时间:2019-10-29

  学术报告

  时 间:2019年11月4日(星期一)10:00—11:30
  地 点:中国社会科学院语言研究所6层大会议室
  主 讲 人:刘美君教授(香港城市大学翻译及语言学系主任)

  内容介绍

Verb-Construction interaction: from caused motion to spatial configuration
动词与构式的互动:从放置动词说起

  Verbs and constructions are in a gestalt relation. To tease out the interactional patterns between verbs and constructions, the study re-examines Mandarin placement verbs from a lexical-constructional perspective and redefines the class with semantic-to-syntactic properties pertaining to lexicalization patterns in Mandarin. It aims to show that placement verbs lexicalize a cognitively salient causal chain that extends from an agentive motion to locational change and to resultant spatial configuration. The event chain serves as the conceptual basis for linking motion-triggered events and states that are syntactically distinct in profiling the three contingent stages: caused to move → caused to be → spatially grounded. Although English placement verbs (put, hang, etc.) are typically taken to be exemplars of the caused-motion construction, the study shows that placement verbs may be distinguished syntactically and semantically from pure Caused-Motion verbs and posture-based Spatial Configuration verbs. While the three classes of verbs may be viewed as demonstrating respectively the individuated stages of the proposed event chain, placement verbs are the only class that encompasses all three event types in their meanings and are associated with a wide range of semantically compatible constructions. The three stages are discussed with graphical representations and collocational distinctions. Further sub-classifications of the Mandarin placement verbs are provided with different semantic profiles for each subclass. Crucial to the analysis is the fact that location-profiled uses of placement verbs outnumber path-profiled uses in Mandarin, indicating a categorical shift from motional to locational predication. The proposed analysis helps to tease out important lexicalization patterns that are constructionally definable and categorically revealing in Mandarin, a finding that is theoretically and pedagogically significant.

  学者介绍

  刘美君,香港城市大学翻译及语言学系主任,教授,博士生导师。香港人文学院院士,香港研资局合作计划委员会委员,国家语委汉语辞书中心学术顾问,汉语词汇语义学会议学术指导委员。刘美君教授的研究专长包括功能语法、构式语法、词汇语义学、认知语言学及语料库语言学。已出版4本专书,65篇国际期刊或专书论文,120多篇国际会议论文。

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