【学术报告】匈牙利学者Marcel den Dikken
题 目：Canonical and reverse predication in the syntax of the active/passive diathesis alternation
主讲人：Marcel den Dikken（罗兰大学/匈牙利科学院语言学研究所）
Collins’ (2005) influential approach to the active/passive diathesis alternation has the two conjoined goals of (i) abiding by the rigour of the principles-and-parameters approach (in particular, the ban on downward movement), and (ii) base-generating the arguments of the verb in the same structural positions in both constructions (in compliance with Baker’s 1988 UTAH).
The object of the passivised verb, which is promoted to structural subject, is first ‘smuggled’ around both the external argument (SpecvP) and by (the spell-out of the functional head Voice) via movement of the participial VP to SpecVoiceP, and subsequently extricates itself from the participial VP in a final NP-movement step to SpecTP. Such ‘smuggling’ (subextraction of the deep object from the moved participial VP) will be shown to pose insuperable problems.
The paper will advance a proposal for the active/passive alternation based on Den Dikken (2006), according to which in both the active and the passive the VP and the external argument are base-generated in a predication structure, with a relator-head mediating the predication relation; in the active, the relator builds a canonical predication structure, with the VP in the complement position and the subject of predication as the specifier, whereas the passive is represented as a reverse predication structure, with the VP-predicate merged in the specifier position of the relator-head and the external argument in its complement.
The paper will demonstrate that the reverse predication approach to the passive derives Visser’s Generalisation (the fact that subject control verbs resist personal passivisation), and explains (on a predicate-based approach to reflexivisation) the restrictions on coference of the external and internal arguments of the passive. Time permitting, the paper will also address the constituency of the by-phrase of the passive, and show that only when construed as a circumstantial adjunct-PP can this phrase undergo displacement as a unit: syntactic movement of an agentive by-phrase is impossible.
Marcel den Dikken is a Research Professor at the Department of English Linguistics of the School of English and American Studies at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) in Budapest, and a Senior Researcher at the Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
He received his MA in English language and literature in 1988 and his PhD in linguistics in 1992, both from the University of Leiden, in the. From September 1998 to September 2015, he was a Professor on the faculty of the PhD and MA Program in Linguistics at the CUNY Graduate Center in New York City. He has also held appointments at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the University of Groningen, and Tilburg University, and has served the University of California at Los Angeles, the Université de Paris VII, the Meertens Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Seoul National University as a Visiting Professor.
He is the author of four monographs — Particles: On the syntax of verb-particle, triadic and causative constructions (Oxford University Press, 1995); The structure of the noun phrase in Rotuman (LINCOM, 2003); Relators and linkers: The syntax of predication, predicate inversion, and copulas (MIT Press, 2006), and Dependency and directionality (Cambridge University Press, 2017).
He is also the co-author of one of the volumes of Syntax of Dutch: Nouns and Noun Phrases. He is the (co-)editor of more than ten volumes and special issues of journals. He has published in all the leading peer-reviewed journals in the field, and has contributed to a wide variety of edited volumes and encyclopedias.
He is the Editor of The Cambridge Handbook of Generative Syntax (2013), Series Editor of the book series Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, and served as Editor-in-Chief of Natural Language & Linguistic Theory from 2008 till 2015 (having served the journal as one of its Associate Editors since 1996). Marcel den Dikken is a Correspondent of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.