【学术报告】匈牙利学者Marcel den Dikken和Éva Dékány
题 目：The typology of noun incorporation: On the role of v, V, and ‘defective’ probe–goal relations
主讲人：Marcel den Dikken（罗兰大学/匈牙利科学院语言学研究所） 和 Éva Dékány（匈牙利科学院语言学研究所）
This paper reviews Mithun’s (1984) typology of noun-incorporation constructions, and develops an explanatory account of this typology in which Roberts’ (2010) notion of ‘defective goal’ is mobilised to maximum effect as a point of variation among noun-incorporating languages, in conjunction with two other microparameters that fit naturally into the system: the locus (v or V) and size (n or D) of the incorporated nominal element.
In a subset of N-incorporation constructions, the combination of v and a nominal element attached to it forms a complex probe with a defective goal. In the wake of this approach to the typology of noun incorporation, the paper also explores an analysis of object pro-drop afforded by the logical possibility for v by itself to be the probe in a defective probe–goal relation with the object, sanctioning the latter’s silence. Defective probe–goal relations are the essence of Roberts’ (2010) approach to object cliticisation, which this paper defends and refines.
The unified representational perspective laid out for object incorporation, cliticisation and omission fine-tunes the distribution and optimises the efficacy of defective probe–goal relations in morphosyntax.
Marcel den Dikken is a Research Professor at the Department of English Linguistics of the School of English and American Studies at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) in Budapest, and a Senior Researcher at the Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
He received his MA in English language and literature in 1988 and his PhD in linguistics in 1992, both from the University of Leiden, in the. From September 1998 to September 2015, he was a Professor on the faculty of the PhD and MA Program in Linguistics at the CUNY Graduate Center in New York City. He has also held appointments at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the University of Groningen, and Tilburg University, and has served the University of California at Los Angeles, the Université de Paris VII, the Meertens Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Seoul National University as a Visiting Professor.
He is the author of four monographs — Particles: On the syntax of verb-particle, triadic and causative constructions (Oxford University Press, 1995); The structure of the noun phrase in Rotuman (LINCOM, 2003); Relators and linkers: The syntax of predication, predicate inversion, and copulas (MIT Press, 2006), and Dependency and directionality (Cambridge University Press, 2017).
He is also the co-author of one of the volumes of Syntax of Dutch: Nouns and Noun Phrases. He is the (co-)editor of more than ten volumes and special issues of journals. He has published in all the leading peer-reviewed journals in the field, and has contributed to a wide variety of edited volumes and encyclopedias.
He is the Editor of The Cambridge Handbook of Generative Syntax (2013), Series Editor of the book series Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, and served as Editor-in-Chief of Natural Language & Linguistic Theory from 2008 till 2015 (having served the journal as one of its Associate Editors since 1996). Marcel den Dikken is a Correspondent of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Éva Dékány did her PhD at the University of Tromso. She defended her dissertation "A profile of the Hungarian DP" in 2012. The thesis analyzed Hungarian nominal phrases in the framework of the Minimalist Program and Nanosyntax. A revised version of her thesis is coming out as a book with Springer's SNLT series.
Since 2012, she has been working at the Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. She currently holds a Premium Postdoctoral grant from the Academy; the topic of her project is embedded clauses in Finno-Ugric languages. She has published in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory and has accepted articles in Glossa and Syntax (the latter is joint work with Marcel den Dikken). Her interests include the syntax and morphology of nominal expressions and the left periphery of the clause.