【学术报告】西悉尼大学Denis Burnham 教授
题 目：声调是音素吗？来自婴儿研究、跨语言研究、听觉和视听结合感知研究、产出研究、阅读和拼写研究的证据（Are Tones Phones? Evidence from Infancy, Cross-language Studies, Auditory and Auditory-Visual Perception, Production, Reading and Spelling）
主讲人：Professor Denis Burnham（西悉尼大学）
时 间：11月2日（周四）下午13: 30
Over half the people in the world speak languages in which tonal distinctions (along with the usual phonetic distinctions) are used to signal differences in meaning. Nevertheless, research on lexical tone and its close cousin, pitch-accent, are way understudied. Fortunately this is now changing, and research on tone is providing interesting insights into theories of speech perception, infant speech and language development, second language learning, and neural concomitants.
音系意识 vs 调系意识
Here such issues will be considered in the light of research on:
Speech input and speech perception in infancy
Hyperarticulation of tones in Infant Directed Speech
Linguistic context in tone perception –
Musical experience and tone perception
The development of tone and phone perception within and across languages
Tone production development
Auditory and auditory-visual tone vs phone perception
Phonological vs tonological awareness
Reading and spelling tone
Discussion of tones and phones in speech and language will follow.
In the 1970s (at Monash University) Denis Burnham rode the exciting new wave of infant visual perception, and in the 80s (at the University of NSW) was one of the first Australian punks to jump onto newer wave of infant speech perception. Cross-disciplinary research was added in the mid-80s, and the mini-laboratories we call languages, in the late-80s.
Following appointment as Foundation Director of MARCS Institute at Western Sydney University in 1999 he maintained and extended his research foci including infant speech perception; cross-language studies; auditory-visual speech perception; special speech registers (infants, pets, foreigners, computers, lovers); hearing impairment; dyslexia; tone languages; human-machine interaction; speech corpus studies; and the relationship between speech perception and literacy.
Burnham has over 200 publications (~ 80 journal papers), has supervised ~20 PhD and Masters and > 70 Honours theses, and has earned ~$15M in research grants.
He continues at Western Sydney University as Leader of Speech and Language Research Program, but remains a moving target – he recently spent 7 months on loan to Linguistics and Multilingual Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, he is currently at BLTU and the Chinese Academy of Science for 2 weeks, and he is establishing the fledgling Asian-Australasian BabyLab Constellation (ABC) across South-East and East Asia.