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【学术报告】西悉尼大学Denis Burnham 教授

作者:科研处  来源:今日语言学  时间:2017-10-31

  题   目:声调是音素吗?来自婴儿研究、跨语言研究、听觉和视听结合感知研究、产出研究、阅读和拼写研究的证据(Are Tones Phones? Evidence from Infancy, Cross-language Studies, Auditory and Auditory-Visual Perception, Production, Reading and Spelling)

  主讲人:Professor Denis Burnham(西悉尼大学)

  时    间:11月2日(周四)下午13: 30

  地    点:语言所大会议室

摘  要

  我们人类除了能用音段来区别意义以外,世界上超过一半的人还会使用声调来区别意义。然而关于声调,甚至与声调相关的重音,已有的研究还远远不够充分。这一现状正在发生改变:关于声调的研究正给言语感知、儿童言语和语言发展、二语学习以及相关神经研究等诸多领域带来新的启示。

  Over half the people in the world speak languages in which tonal distinctions (along with the usual phonetic distinctions) are used to signal differences in meaning. Nevertheless, research on lexical tone and its close cousin, pitch-accent, are way understudied. Fortunately this is now changing, and research on tone is providing interesting insights into theories of speech perception, infant speech and language development, second language learning, and neural concomitants.  

  本报告将介绍以下几个涉及声调问题的领域:

  婴儿言语输入和感知

  儿向语中的声调过度发音

  语言学语境在声调感知中的作用

  音乐学习经验与声调感知

  语言内或跨语言的声调与音段感知发展

  听觉和听视结合的声调音段感知

  音系意识 vs 调系意识

  声调的阅读和拼写

  Here such issues will be considered in the light of research on: 

  Speech input and speech perception in infancy

  Hyperarticulation of tones in Infant Directed Speech

  Linguistic context in tone perception –

  Musical experience and tone perception

  The development of tone and phone perception within and across languages

  Tone production development

  Auditory and auditory-visual tone vs phone perception

  Phonological vs tonological awareness

  Reading and spelling tone

  报告最后还会对言语和语言中的声调和音段进行讨论。 

  Discussion of tones and phones in speech and language will follow.

  

主讲人简介

  In the 1970s (at Monash University) Denis Burnham rode the exciting new wave of infant visual perception, and in the 80s (at the University of NSW) was one of the first Australian punks to jump onto newer wave of infant speech perception. Cross-disciplinary research was added in the mid-80s, and the mini-laboratories we call languages, in the late-80s.

  Following appointment as Foundation Director of MARCS Institute at Western Sydney University in 1999 he maintained and extended his research foci including infant speech perception; cross-language studies; auditory-visual speech perception; special speech registers (infants, pets, foreigners, computers, lovers); hearing impairment; dyslexia; tone languages; human-machine interaction; speech corpus studies; and the relationship  between speech perception and literacy.

  Burnham has over 200 publications (~ 80 journal papers), has supervised ~20 PhD and Masters and > 70 Honours theses, and has earned ~$15M in research grants.

  He continues at Western Sydney University as Leader of Speech and Language Research Program, but remains a moving target – he recently spent 7 months on loan to Linguistics and Multilingual Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, he is currently at BLTU and the Chinese Academy of Science for 2 weeks, and he is establishing the fledgling Asian-Australasian BabyLab Constellation (ABC) across South-East and East Asia.

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