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【学术报告】法国国家科研中心东亚语言研究所罗端教授

作者:科研处  来源:今日语言学  时间:2017-11-01

  题 目:古汉语中“以”和“与”在动词前作附着词素的特殊用法(Clitic pronouns yǐ 以 and yǔ 與 in Archaic Chinese) 

  主讲人:罗端教授(法国国家科研中心东亚语言研究所) 

  时 间:11月9日(周四)上午9 : 30 

  地 点:语言所大会议室   

摘  要

  This paper provides evidence for the so far neglected existence of two clitic pronouns, yǐ以 and yǔ與, in Archaic Chinese (10th - 3thc. BC). They both stand for PPs and convey the respective roles expressed by these PPs.

  While the clitic pronoun yǔ mainly encodes the comitative/associative, yǐ encodes a large variety of (argument and adjunct) roles, depending on the semantics of the verb involved.  Both yǐ and yǔ directly precede the verb and are shown to be part of a complex verbal head.

  (1)  南氏生男,則  [vP[v 以告]    [PP於 [君…]]] (左傳 12·3·4/3) 

  ‘If Lady Nan gives birth to a male child, then make an announcement about [it] to the Lordship…’

  (2)  息侯伐鄭,鄭伯 [vP[v 與戰]  [PP于竟]]。(左傳·1·11·6/1) 

  ‘The marquis of Xī attacked the state of Zheng; the earl of Zhèng fought with, i.e. against [him] at the borders.’

  One of the possible ressons why the clitic pronouns yǐ and yǔ have gone unnoticed so far is the very common phenomenon of multiple homonymy in Archaic Chinese. The clitic pronoun yǔ for example co-exists along with the verb yǔ ‘to give’, the preposition yǔ ‘with’ and the conjunction yǔ ‘and, with’; though historically related, these different instances of yǔ are clearly separate items in the synchronic grammar of Archaic Chinese. In the case of yǐ, the philological tradition has even established as many as 10-15 different “uses”of yǐ.

  Given the complexity of data at hand, an exhaustive overview of the different items yǐ attested for Archaic Chinese will be presented. Will be also discussed the syntax and semantics of the PPs headed by yǐ and yǔ as well as the clitic pronouns yǐ and yǔ. Arguments will be provided against yǐ and yǔ as orphan prepositions, i.e. PPs with a null complement. Instead, yǐ and yǔ are demonstrated to form a complex head with the verb. Like pronouns in general, yǐ and yǔ can also refer to a preceding sentence and have a discourse antecedent.

    主讲人简介

  罗端(Redouane DJAMOURI),1979年巴黎东方语言学院中文系毕业,1980年获巴黎东方语言学院汉法翻译高等文凭、巴黎第三大学汉语学士学位;1981年获巴黎第三大学汉语硕士学位、巴黎第五大学语言学学士学位;1982年获巴黎第五大学语言学硕士学位;1983年巴黎东方语言学院蒙古语专业毕业;1983-1985年在北京大学考古系进修;1986获巴黎东方语言学院蒙古语高等文凭;1988获巴黎社科高等学院语言学博士学位。1989年任法国科研中心语言学研究员,1998年至今任法国研究中心东亚语言研究所所长。主要学术领域是甲骨文与上古汉语语法研究、语法化研究、汉语与阿尔泰语言接触研究、西北汉语方言研究。

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