Marcel den Dikke：一以贯之——句法和音系的统一表征系统
题目：One syntax for all: A unified representational system for syntax and phonology
主讲人：Marcel den Dikken教授（罗兰大学/匈牙利科学院语言学研究所）
In the development of the generative perspective on linguistic analysis over the past half century, the approaches to the phrase structure system and the sound system have grown further and further apart. Though there were, from the start, major differences between syntactic and phonological analysis, there was an emphasis initially on shared fundamental concepts (such as rule ordering and the cycle, essential ingredients of early generative approaches to both sound and phrase structure). However, with the rise and spread of the optimality-theoretic approach to phonology and the ‘minimalist’ approach to syntactic theory, the two primary subdisciplines of linguistic inquiry lost much of their kinship. The central aim of this presentation is to bring phonology and syntax together again with an outlook on linguistic analysis that uses the same representational system in morphosyntax and all levels of phonological analysis, including the prosodic system (phonological structure above the syllable), the internal organisation of the syllable and foot, and the structure of segments. A central tenet of the approach is the X-bar Theory of linguistic representation, designed for the purposes of syntactic analysis, for which the ‘complement of’, ‘specifier of’ and ‘adjunct to’ relations are well established, but also fundamental to phonological structure: X-bar theory is a very useful tool in the representation of geometrical relations of all kinds (both segmental and suprasegmental) in phonology.
Marcel den Dikken is a Research Professor at the Department of English Linguistics of the School of English and American Studies at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) in Budapest, and a Senior Researcher at the Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
He received his MA in English language and literature in 1988 and his PhD in linguistics in 1992, both from the University of Leiden, in the Netherlands. From September 1998 to September 2015, he was a Professor on the faculty of the PhD and MA Program in Linguistics at the CUNY Graduate Center in New York City. He has also held appointments at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the University of Groningen, and Tilburg University, and has served the University of California at Los Angeles, the Université de Paris VII, the Meertens Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Seoul National University as a Visiting Professor.
He is the author of four monographs — Particles: On the syntax of verb-particle, triadic and causative constructions (Oxford University Press, 1995); The structure of the noun phrase in Rotuman (LINCOM, 2003); Relators and linkers: The syntax of predication, predicate inversion, and copulas (MIT Press, 2006), and Dependency and directionality (Cambridge University Press, 2017).
He is also the co-author of one of the volumes of Syntax of Dutch: Nouns and Noun Phrases. He is the (co-)editor of more than ten volumes and special issues of journals. He has published in all the leading peer-reviewed journals in the field, and has contributed to a wide variety of edited volumes and encyclopedias.
He is the Editor of The Cambridge Handbook of Generative Syntax (2013), Series Editor of the book series Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, and served as Editor-in-Chief of Natural Language & Linguistic Theory from 2008 till 2015 (having served the journal as one of its Associate Editors since 1996). Marcel den Dikken is a Correspondent of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.