Taihu is a country under the Anqing City, Anhui Province. It is located on Anhui south region connected to Hubei province. And Taihu dialect belongs to Huaiyue part of Gan family in the Language Atlas of China. The purpose of this study was to reveal the grammar distinctions of Taihu dialect through analyzing several selective grammar points on account of phonetic system.
This thesis includes three parts: content section (4 chapters), conclusion and appendixes. The introduction mainly describes the present administrative divisions and dialect situation about Taihu country how it distributes, what studies had before as well as their shortages. The following main section is started from background introductions of Taihu country (first chapter), including geographic locations, the history, usage of the local dialect, and the elaborations of research objects as well as research methods. Then, the second chapter is focused on the usage and comparison of pronoun (personal pronoun; demonstrative pronoun; interrogative pronoun). The third chapter emphasizes the question sentences in terms of the question words, the question sentences structure and the question sentences types. The forth chapter is about the pragmatic differences in function words, such as “li（哩）” “ge（嗰）” “li ge（哩嗰）”; “za（喳）” “tei（忒）” “za tei（喳忒）”; “tei（在）”; “ba（把）” “ba tei（把贷）”.The next conclusion aims to summarize the thesis and indicated the deficiencies and the place still to be improved. The last part is consisted of phonetic system and homophone of Taihu dialect.
Key words: Grammar of Taihu Dialect; Pronoun;Questions;Function Words