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杨求凤:安徽太湖方言语法研究【汉语言文字学】

作者:杨求凤 导师:覃远雄  来源:科研处  时间:2017-10-30

摘 要

  太湖县隶属安徽省安庆市,地处皖南山区,坐落于大别山南麓,长江北岸,与湖北省交界,《中国语言地图集》将太湖方言划归为赣语怀岳片。本文是在理清太湖方言音系的基础上,选取太湖方言中几个特色明显的语法点进行描写,力图展现太湖方言语法特色。

  论文主要由正文、结语和附录三部分构成。正文部分分为四章。第一章为概述,介绍了太湖县的地理位置和历史沿革,方言使用情况及内部方言分布,讨论以往太湖方言的研究成果及其不足,阐明选题原由,叙述研究对象和研究方法,交代语料来源和符号使用情况。第二章是太湖方言代词研究,讨论了太湖方言中的人称代词、指示代词和疑问代词的使用情况,并与普通话代词系统进行了比较。第三章是太湖方言疑问句研究,从太湖方言疑问词、疑问句式和疑问句类型三个方面对太湖方言疑问句进行了讨论。第四章是太湖方言中的虚词研究,讨论了太湖方言中常用的四组具有特色的虚词——“哩、嗰、哩嗰”、“喳、忒、喳忒”、“在”、“把、把贷”的语用特征。结语是对全文的总结,指出了文章的不足和需要进一步探讨的问题。附录有两部分,一是太湖方言音系,二是太湖方言同音字汇。

  关键词:太湖方言语法;代词;疑问句;常用虚词

  

ABSTRACT

  Taihu is a country under the Anqing City, Anhui Province. It is located on Anhui south region connected to Hubei province. And Taihu dialect belongs to Huaiyue part of Gan family in the Language Atlas of China. The purpose of this study was to reveal the grammar distinctions of Taihu dialect through analyzing several selective grammar points on account of phonetic system.

  This thesis includes three parts: content section (4 chapters), conclusion and appendixes. The introduction mainly describes the present administrative divisions and dialect situation about Taihu country how it distributes, what studies had before as well as their shortages. The following main section is started from background introductions of Taihu country (first chapter), including geographic locations, the history, usage of the local dialect, and the elaborations of research objects as well as research methods. Then, the second chapter is focused on the usage and comparison of pronoun (personal pronoun; demonstrative pronoun; interrogative pronoun). The third chapter emphasizes the question sentences in terms of the question words, the question sentences structure and the question sentences types. The forth chapter is about the pragmatic differences in function words, such as “li(哩)” “ge(嗰)” “li ge(哩嗰)”; “za(喳)” “tei(忒)” “za tei(喳忒)”; “tei(在)”; “ba(把)” “ba tei(把贷)”.The next conclusion aims to summarize the thesis and indicated the deficiencies and the place still to be improved. The last part is consisted of phonetic system and homophone of Taihu dialect.

  Key words: Grammar of Taihu Dialect; Pronoun;Questions;Function Words

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