This thesis is based on the research of verbal reduplication - “V yi(一) V” structure in Ancient Chinese Language and Culture. The investigate contents are organised into five parts: the source of “V yi(一) V” structure, the grammatical meanings and grammatical functions of “V yi(一) V” structure (the grammatical functions are mainly divided into four parts: the position of objects, the syntactic functions, the semantic markups and the related sentence structures ), the related variants and the features of the verb “V”. In general, the source and development of “V yi(一) V” is discussed from the synchronic and diachronic perspective.
Based on the exhaustive research of the repersentative historical documents in Ancient Chinese Language and Culture, this thesis pursues the research by dividing into two periods of Song and Yuan Dynasties and Ming and Qing Dynasties. This thesis believes the “V yi(一) V” structure orginated from the syntactic structure - “V yi(一) V” structure and the “ yi(一) V” structure which contained trial meanings. The main components of the verb “V” were action verbs, transitive verbs and durational verbs, including mono-syllable and two-syllable verbs.
The grammatical meanings of “V yi(一) V” structure consisted of the slight and trial meanings in Song and Yuan Dynasties, besides, the casual meanings and the descriptive and initiative nature has created in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The research of grammatical functions is mainly composed of the following points: In the aspect of object position, the pronominal objects were located between the structure, accordingly, the nominal objects were located after the structure; In the aspect of syntactic functions, the “V yi(一) V” structure mostly served as the predicate of a sentence; In the aspect of markups, there were semantic markups which contained slight or trial meanings in many cases, besides, there were tense markups and modal markups before and after the structure; In addition, the structure often appeared with the disposal constructions and excluded from the negative form.
KEY WOEDS: verb reduplication, the “V yi(一) V” structure, developing and evoloving, features of the verb “V”, grammatical meanings, grammatical functions, related variants.