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王淑琳;近代汉语动词重叠式“V一V”历时演变研究【汉语言文字学】

作者:王淑琳 导师:赵长才  来源:  时间:2017-10-30

摘 要

  本文以近代汉语时期的动词重叠式“V一V”为研究对象,主要考察了“V一V”式的来源、语法意义以及语法功能(包括宾语位置、句法功能、语义时体标记以及相关句式)、变体以及可进入“V一V”式的动词“V”的性质,从共时和历时两个角度对“V一V”式的来源和演变展开研究。

  本文选取了近代汉语时期较有代表性的文献语料,分宋元和明清两个时期展开论述,本文认为“V一V”式同时来源于同形动量结构“V一V”式以及表尝试义的“一V”式。可以进入“V一V”式的动词分为单音节和双音节动词,其中以行为动词、及物动词以及持续动词为主。

  宋元时期“V一V”式的语法意义主要包括轻微义和尝试义,明清时期增加轻松随便义、描写性及能动性。语法功能主要分以下几点展开:宾语位置上,“V一V”式的代词宾语多中置,名词宾语多后置;句法功能上,“V一V”式多作句子的谓语成分;前后标记上,“V一V”式前后常有轻微和尝试义的语义标记,此外还包括已然和未然的时态标记以及祈使类情态标记;相关句式上,“V一V”式常和处置句搭配,排斥否定形式。

  关键词:动词重叠;“V一V”式;发展演变;动词性质;语法意义;语法功能;相关变体

 

ABSTRACT

  This thesis is based on the research of verbal reduplication - “V yi(一) V” structure in Ancient Chinese Language and Culture. The investigate contents are organised into five parts: the source of “V yi(一) V” structure, the grammatical meanings and grammatical functions of “V yi(一) V” structure (the grammatical functions are mainly divided into four parts: the position of objects, the syntactic functions, the semantic markups and the related sentence structures ), the related variants and the features of the verb “V”. In general, the source and development of “V yi(一) V” is discussed from the synchronic and diachronic perspective.

  Based on the exhaustive research of the repersentative historical documents in Ancient Chinese Language and Culture, this thesis pursues the research by dividing into two periods of Song and Yuan Dynasties and Ming and Qing Dynasties. This thesis believes the “V yi(一) V” structure orginated from the syntactic structure - “V yi(一) V” structure and the “ yi(一) V” structure which contained trial meanings. The main components of the verb “V” were action verbs, transitive verbs and durational verbs, including mono-syllable and two-syllable verbs.

  The grammatical meanings of “V yi(一) V” structure consisted of the slight and trial meanings in Song and Yuan Dynasties, besides, the casual meanings and the descriptive and initiative nature has created in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The research of grammatical functions is mainly composed of the following points: In the aspect of object position, the pronominal objects were located between the structure, accordingly, the nominal objects were located after the structure; In the aspect of syntactic functions, the “V yi(一) V” structure mostly served as the predicate of a sentence; In the aspect of markups, there were semantic markups which contained slight or trial meanings in many cases, besides, there were tense markups and modal markups before and after the structure; In addition, the structure often appeared with the disposal constructions and excluded from the negative form.

  KEY WOEDS: verb reduplication, the “V yi(一) V” structure, developing and evoloving, features of the verb “V”, grammatical meanings, grammatical functions, related variants. 

  

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