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党清心:成语源流考察与构式研究【汉语言文字学】

作者:党清心 导师:郭小武  来源:科研处  时间:2017-10-30

摘 要

  成语源于我国古代,是汉语词汇系统中的一项重要组成部分,保留了古汉语的特点,具有典雅的形式、深刻的含义以及稳固的结构,一直以来广受人们的由衷喜爱,并由此得到广泛使用。成语中包含着丰富的古汉语知识,同时也融合了很多其后来的元素,在古代和现代汉语的传承中发挥着非常重要的作用。

  研究成语有助于成语的学习、运用和发展。以往关于成语的研究大都集中在成语的定义、特点以及应用等方面,这显然不够。成语系统是不断发展的,我们只有不断扩大成语研究的层面和范围,才能更好地促进成语的使用和传承。

  本文主要从成语发展的源流和成语构式两个方面对成语进行了具体的研究分析论证,本论文共由六部分组成。

  第一部分为引言,主要说明对本文的研究背景以及研究成语源流和构式的目的和意义。

  第二部分为成语研究概述,主要从成语的界定、特点、成语研究论著、成语词典编纂以及成语在实际应用中的发展几个方面对成语进行讨论分析。

  第三部分为成语的源流,主要对成语的缘起、发展进行深入探究。首先是对成语的来源和类型进行探析、评述,然后在此基础上以《汉书》和《国语》为例,周遍梳理,条分缕析,具体探讨了成语的源流。

  第四部分为成语的构式和特征研究,分别从成语的基本形式、语法结构和语义结构三个方面对成语进行了细致分析,以展示汉语成语格式之精美、音节之和谐。

  第五部分为成语研究的学术价值和应用意义,主要对《老子》成语中的道家思想文化、《红楼梦》中成语的人文色彩以及习近平主席对成语的妙用三个方面进行了具体分析,阐述了成语自古及今对于民族文化的重要性和对于后世的影响力。

  第六部分为总结。对本文的研究内容进行了概括,并分析了论文研究的不足之处以及未来研究的方向。

  关键词:成语;源流;构式

  

ABSTRACT

  Idioms from ancient China, is an important part of the Chinese vocabulary system, retains the characteristics of ancient Chinese, with elegant form, profound meaning and solid structure, has been popular and used by people.Idioms contain a wealth of ancient Chinese knowledge, but also a lot of modern elements, in ancient and modern Chinese heritage plays a very important role.The study of idioms is helpful to the application and development of idioms. The current researches on idioms are mainly focused on the definition, characteristics and application of idioms,But with the continuous development of the idiom vocabulary system, we have to expand the level and scope of the study of idioms in order to better promote the use and transmission of idioms.In this paper, the development of idioms and idioms from the two aspects of the structure of the specific analysis of idioms, this paper consists of sixth parts.

  The first part is the introduction, which mainly focuses on the research background and the purpose and significance of the study of the origin and structure of idioms.

  The second part is an overview of the study of idioms, mainly from the definition of idioms, characteristics, idioms research works, idioms dictionary compilation and idioms in the practical application of several aspects of the development of the main analysis.

  The third part is the origin of idioms, mainly on the origin of the idiom in-depth analysis and research, first of all, the source and type of idioms are summarized.On the basis of the "Han" and "Guoyu" as an example, discusses the origin of idioms.

  The fourth part is the construction and characteristics of Chinese idioms, mainly on the constructions and characteristics of idioms are analyzed in detail, analyzes from three aspects of the basic form of idioms, grammatical structure and semantic structure of idioms.

  The academic value and application significance of the fifth part is the study of idioms, idioms in "Lao Tzu" Taoism culture, "a dream of Red Mansions" in the idiom of the humanities color and President Xi Jinping to use idioms three aspects of the concrete analysis, elaborated the idiom for influence in the future and important value.

  The sixth part is the summary. The research content of this paper is summarized, and the deficiencies of the research and the direction of future research are analyzed.

  Key words:Idiom; Headstream; Construction

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