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蒋贵红:亳州话阳平和去声的感知实验研究【语言学及应用语言学】

作者:蒋贵红 导师:熊子瑜  来源:科研处  时间:2016-10-27

摘 要

  本文以中原官话中的亳州话为研究对象,主要以实验和统计分析的方法对亳州话单字 调系统进行声学分析,在声学实验数据的基础上使用听辨感知的方式选择方言母语者和非 方言母语者为被试对亳州话阳平和去声进行感知实验。本文研究的主要目的在于通过声学实验考察亳州话单字调的声调系统,通过阳平和去声的感知实验考察亳州话阳平和去声的感知模式以及不同被试的听感差异,本文方言的实验数据以及实验方法也为以后亳州话以及其他地区的方言声调系统的研究提供一定的经验和研究思路。

  本文共分为四章:

  第一章绪论部分。主要介绍中原官话和亳州话的方言归属等研究概况、感知实验的研究范式和前人的研究成果、本文的研究目的、研究方法。

  第二章是声学实验部分。声学实验使用方言区发音人的语音材料对亳州话声调系统进行分析。通过对单字调的基频分析、T 值分析和判别分析总结亳州话单字调的声调格局以及亳州话调类间的混淆情况,实验结果发现亳州话四个调类中有两个升调和两个降调,其中阴平与上声容易混淆,阳平和去声混淆更多。

  第三章为感知实验部分。辨认实验和区别实验、母语者与非母语者的实验结果显示母语者对亳州话的感知呈准范畴化模式,非母语者能够在一定程度上对亳州话阳平和去声两个调类进行辨认,但是对两个调类间的差异不能很好的区分,非母语者在辨认实验和区别实验中的表现与母语者都有一定的差距。

  第四章是本文的结论及讨论部分。主要总结了本文两个实验的结论、本文研究的不足之处以及对方言声调实验方法、实验设计方面的讨论。

  关键词:亳州话;单字调;声学实验;感知实验

 

Abstract

  This thesis studies Bozhou dialect of Zhongyuan Mandarin and describes the monosyllable tone system of Bozhou dialect in an acoustic manner by means of conducting experiments and statistical analysis. Based on the data of acoustic experiments, this thesis conducts a perception experiment on the rising and falling tones of Bozhou dialect through listening and identification with the subjects of native Bozhou speakers and non-Bozhou speakers. This thesis aims to investigate the tonal system of Bozhou monosyllable tone through the acoustic experiment, explore the perception model of rising and falling tones of Bozhou dialect and different hearing effects of the subjects by the perceptional experiment, provide some reference and research ideas for the future dialect experiments on Bozhou and other regional dialects.

  This thesis includes four chapters:

  Chapter One introduces the research background including Zhongyuan Mandarin and the ownership of Bozhou dialect, demonstrates the research paradigm and previous findings of perception experiments, and illustrates the research purpose and methodology.

  In Chapter Two, this thesis analyses the tonal system of Bozhou dialect through the voice materials provided by native Bozhou speakers in the acoustic experiment. By analyzing the base frequency of mono-syllable tone, T-value and discriminants, this chaper elicits the tonal pattern of mono-syllable tone in Bozhou dialect and confusing situation of tone categories of Bozhou dialect. The experiment results show that four tones are found in Bozhou dialect including two rising tones and two falling tones, and confusions between level tone (Yinping) and falling-rising tone (Shangsheng), between rising tone (Yangping) and falling tone (Qusheng) are easily found in Bozhou dialect.

  Perception experiment constitutes Chapter Three. In this chapter, experiment results of identification, classification, differences between natives and non-natives show that native speakers of Bozhou dialect present a quasi-category pattern towards Bozhou dialect and non-natives can to some degree identify the differences between rising and falling tones but fail to discriminate the two tones. Non-native speakers of Bozhou dialect are relatively weak in identification and classification experiments compared with the native speakers.

  Chapter Four includes the conclusion and discussion of this thesis, which summarizes the results of the two experiments, presents the inadequacies of this thesis and discusses the experimental methods and designs of dialect tones.

  Key Words: Bozhou dialect; mono-syllable tone; acoustic experiment;perception experiment

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